“We never know the worth of water till the well is dry said” Thomas Fuller in the seventh century. Wondering how much water we are wasting every day? Do not think it over while brushing your teeth as the water is running down the tap. It is one of the major reasons of water wastage in the developed countries.
Water in our everyday use. It is estimated that 4,000 drops of water from a leaking faucet can make a litre. A flush of the toilet uses six and a half gallons of water. About 27% of water is utilized for bathing and toilet use.
Water has always been considered an omnipresent element that is and will be available anywhere and everywhere. Never has it’s worth been more impactful unless it is scarce. Governments in developing and developed countries make sure water is available to it’s people on a regular basis to maintain life; and while the economy as been the dominating thought of a majority of the population for a long time, it is now a critical time to relearn the basics. According to Global Change, if the poorest nations gain a standard of living equivalent to wealthy nations today, then water demand will be three times the figure of 3,350 cubic kilometers seen in 2000.
Futurists predict that we are not too distant from a future where all that are considered a luxury today will be easily accessed by people and all the basic necessities will become a luxury. The basic need includes fresh water. In many poor countries, there are more people with mobile phones than people who have access to freshwater.
The National Geographic Water Footprint Calculator says that the average American lifestyle is fuelled by nearly 2,000 gallons of water everyday. This includes water for toilet use, washing machine use, showers, baths, faucet use, and leaks. Whereas huge populations on the other side of the world have absolutely no water to drink.
In India, where the scarcity is ever increasing, a huge margin of the water supplied by the municipalities is lost in the process of distribution due to leakage and mixing of dirty water.
According to The Hindu, an average Indian utilizes about 150-200 litres of water a day. Even though only 10 litres is consumed for cooking and drinking, 40 litres a day is spent on washing dishes, clothes, floor, and 85 litres utilised for bathing and toilet flushing.
Water pipes that supply water to villages and many remote places are not maintained and thus leaks are not detected. Water carried on trucks drip water all the way to supply only a lesser amount of water to the people.
There has been tension between states within India for the sharing rivers. Effective sharing of water can only be possible with no wastage of water.
Lack of water is the greatest challenge facing humanity in many parts around the world. More than a billion people lack access to clean water. 2.3 billion already live in areas where there are water shortages. By 2025, 3.5 billion people will probably live in no-water zones says futurist writer Patrick Dixon.
This scare off a water-deficient future has forced researchers and environmentalists to relook and rethink at the consumption of water by the citizens of the world.
Water Footprint is the amount of freshwater utilized by a person, or group or community, or, in the production of a product. Water Footprint also considers virtual water, for example, we would think that a cup of coffee is nothing more than a cup of water, but in order to calculate the water footprint, we must also include the amount of water spent to grow, refine, process, package, and import coffee. This makes it 140 litres of water to make one cup of coffee. It takes 2,400 litres of water to make a hamburger. This is virtual water. Consequently, consuming products that have high water footprint means that we reduce a lot of freshwater from the planet. It takes 16,194 litres of water to produce a kilo of almonds, whereas it takes 214 litres of freshwater to produce a kilo of fresh tomatoes.
Installing simple water meters in houses, offices, companies, and other establishments can help monitor the usage of water. It is highly important that we watch every step of our water