The purest form of water is a blessing for every individual. But due to contamination in water it can also give rise to many harmful diseases. The water borne diseases usually spread due to poor water supply and lack of proper sanitation and water management. According to WHO report 3.4 million people, mostly children die annually due to water borne diseases.
Water borne diseases spreads when people drink contaminated water and eat food that has been prepared by the contaminated water. Children, elderly people, and pregnant women are more prone to the health issues cause by drinking contaminated water as they have weak immune system.
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Poor quality of water is one the major issue of mankind. The supplied water coming to your home may contains many harmful impurities like bacteria, viruses, toxins heavy metals and many other dissolved salts which when consumed bring about many health issues. Some of the common diseases caused water contamination are mentioned below:
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Cholera is acute diarrhoeal disease. It is caused by the eating food of drinking water that has been contaminated by bacteria called Vibrio Cholerae . This bacteria cause infection in the small intestine. Cholera is an extremely harmful disease that can kills a person within hours if left untreated. It spread by faecal contamination of food and water. Symptom of cholera include profuse diarrhoea, muscle cramps, and headache.
Diarrhoea is one of the major cause of child mortality in India. It cause frequent passage of stools and can last up to 2 weeks and makes the person completely dehydrated which can be fatal. Diarrhoea spread through drinking water that has been contaminated. Oral Rrehydration Solution (ORS) and zinc supplements are given to the patient to replace the lost fluids from the body. According to WHO report India is worst affected by diarrhoea and estimated 98,000 child die annually by this life threatening disease.
Typhoid is a type of fever which is caused by bacteria named Salmonella typhi. This disease spread through the direct contact with the food and water contaminated by feces of the infected person. Typhoid occur in those areas where the water supply is badly disrupted. The major symptoms of typhoid are the prolonged high fever and rashes. If proper treatment should not be given to the patient it can get worse and can be fatal.
Hepatitis A is a contagious disease which affects the liver. It is caused by Hepatitis A virus. It spreads by the fecal-oral route, by consumption of food or water which is contaminated by the feces of an infected person. Symptoms of hepatitis include nausea, vomiting, fever, and loss of appetite.
Malaria is caused by parasite and spreads through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. These mosquito breed in stagnant water and in those places where the water is not cleaned. Malaria can be transmitted from an infected mother to her new born baby at the time of birth. Malaria can be treated effectively but the treatment should be done immediately. The symptoms of malaria are, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever and chills, weight loss and depression.
Dysentery is an infection in the intestine which causes diarrhoea containing blood or mucus. It is mostly caused by a bacteria called Shigella. It spreads through the fecal contamination of food and water. By maintaining good hygiene and proper sanitation this diseases can be avoided.
Water related diseases are one of the most significant health issues. This health issues can be easily be avoided by just having access to pure and safe water which can be done by installing a water purifier in your home. Many reputed water purifier brands in India which provides healthy and safe water and makes us free from such life threatening diseases. The top water purifier in India are mentioned below:
1. Kent Grand Plus
2. Aquaguard Geneus
3. Pureit Ultima
Also read about Five Reasons To Own A Water Purifier
One thought on “Most Common Disease caused contamination in water”
There has been so much suffering because of water pollution. Millions of lives are taken annually and most of them are children. There should be a global solution to this problem. The most affected of water contamination are low income countries. I hope that the developed countries can share their technology to other countries that are affected by water pollution.